Elizabeth Fink was an attorney who spent her entire career defending and
fighting politically-charged cases, especially against the abuse of power
by state and federal authorities. She never suffered any delusions about
the innocence and/or righteousness of her clients -- not that some weren't
innocent and/or justified -- but she fully recognized how stacked the
system is against them, and struggled relentlessly to tilt that system
back toward justice. As she said, "justice is what everyone deserves and
no one gets." And it should be noted that she was exceptionally effective
in the courtroom: as Laura Stevens put it, "Liz had outstanding
results in her work, winning case after case that was a loser for almost
anyone else." Persistent too: "This applies to Attica not on the facts,
which were compelling, but on the process, which would have defeated most
people before the first 20 years expired."
Liz died on Tuesday, September 22, at age 70, in Brooklyn. She had
increasingly dire kidney and heart problems, which forced her to give
up her practice a couple years ago. In her last week she was approaching
renal failure, and had a hemodialysis shunt installed. She took a short
walk on Sunday and fell, possibly breaking her hip. In the hospital,
her heart stopped. Laura Stevens, a dear friend ever since college,
had spent the previous week with Liz (this is from a personal letter):
Through the whole week we were together, we had a good time with
each other, talked for many hours, but her condition was awful. She
had the beginning of renal failure . . . Her heart condition also
exhausted her, so she couldn't walk any distance. Across the street
was the maximum. She had a few comfortable hours a day in the later
She didn't want to die, still being interested in "what comes next."
She didn't want to live this way either, and was facing medical care she
didn't want and didn't have confidence in. They can leave you worse off;
we've all seen that, and she was truly wary. She still read voraciously,
and listened to music with relish. She played it very loud, being very
hard of hearing, but it gave her great pleasure. . . . I was always
impressed with how much she took away from it, insights she'd have
about the music and things that had been said on the program.
She is survived by her brother, photographer
and by numerous friends who miss her dearly.
The following pieces will give you a quick guide to her career
(although each misses much):
- Her Wikipedia
Gary Craig: Elizabeth Fink, lawyer who fought for Attica inmates, dies
[USA Today obituary]
Sam Roberts: Elizabeth M. Fink, a Lawyer for Attica Inmates and Radicals,
Dies at 70: Some errors here: Her middle name was Marcia, not Marsha;
her father, Bernie Fink, was an insurance agent, not a lawyer; Frank
Smith was universally known as Big Black, but "B. B." weren't his middle
initials; the $4 million Smith won in a jury trial wasn't reduced to
$125,000 -- it was overturned by a judge who decided that Smith's case
shouldn't be separated from the group case, which was settled in 2000
(after being dragged out for 26 years) for a relative pittance. For more
on Smith, see this
Elizabeth Fink, lawyer who helped Attica inmates win settlement, dies
at 70 [Washington Post obituary]
Michael Virtanen: Elizabeth Fink, Lawyer for Attica Inmates, Dies at 70
[AP obituary, via ABC News]
Still Fighting [Reed College alumni profile, from 2007]
The Attica Prison Uprising: Forty Years Later [YouTube video]
Liz grew up in a left-wing family in Brooklyn, keeping a equally
committed but less doctrinaire version of her family's politics. (I
know little about her father, who died before I met her, but her
mother -- I knew her as Sylvia Kleinman -- was always involved in
something political, notably the Gray Panthers. She once walked
off Charlie Rose's show because she didn't think he was taking her
seriously.) Liz went to Reed College and graduated in 1967. That's
where she met "the two Lauras" and they remained lifelong friends --
Laura Stevens, introduced above, and Laura Tillem, who later met
and married me. In 1971, the Attica prison revolt was murderously
put down on orders from NY Governor Nelson Rockefeller. The state's
first instinct there was to prosecute prisoners, among other things
charging them with the deaths of the nine prison guards who had been
held hostage and were shot and killed by the invading troops. When
Liz graduated from Brooklyn Law School, she joined the defense team,
helped get the charges dropped, and filed suit against the state,
resulting in several trials and the settlement in 2000. She stuck
through the entire ordeal. Even in her last days she was working on
organizing her archives and trying to force New York to release
I first met Liz shortly after Laura Tillem and I got together. We
were living in Boston, and Liz came up frequently -- the "Ohio 7"
sedition case was tried in Springfield, so Liz stayed there for the
duration of the trial. (Some info
here: "the longest and most expensive trial in the history of
Massachusetts, . . . When the trial ended with no convictions, it
also turned out to be one of the most controversial -- and highly
criticized -- trials . . ." -- I remember that we talked at great
length about what a staggering waste of public resources the trial
was. As I recall the amount of money the government wasted was about
five times the capitalization of the start-up company I was working
for at the time.) After the trial, she came to Boston less, but we
went to New York more. We met up once at her mother's house in New
Jersey. On a couple occasions Liz and her mother rented a house way
out on Long Island and invited lots of their friends out. Once we
flew to Portland for a Reed Reunion -- that was the first time I
met Laura Stevens. When Sylvia died we dropped everything and drove
to Brooklyn. (A few months earlier Sylvia closed up the NJ home and
moved into an assisted living apartment in Brooklyn.) When we moved
to NJ, Liz came out many times, including to one of my notorious
birthday dinners. After we moved to Wichita, Liz and Laura Stevens
stopped on a cross-country drive. We were staying at Liz's when
9/11 happened, and I wound up staying there a month. As Liz's health
declined, Laura made several trips to New York to help out. I only
made one, in May 2014, at a point when she was doing relatively well.
In listing all these encounters, I can't help but feel like I'm
bragging, but really I count myself as incredibly lucky. I've heard
that when Laura and I first got together, Liz's only question was
whether I was "smart enough" for her. I'm pretty sure I passed muster,
but really, the most imposing intellect I've ever encountered was
Liz's. She read more than anyone I've ever known, comprehended it
all, was always incisive in her critiques, and could speak eloquently
and poignantly without ever losing your interest. She was, in short,
dazzling. One regret I have is that I never saw her in a courtroom,
one of the few places where such rigor may prove decisive. A greater
regret is that she always resisted my pleas to write. I would have
been satisfied had she found a scribe to follow her around and jot
down stories (like Ralph Leighton did for Richard Feynman). Terrific
stories, thousands of them. If we're lucky, her friends will recall
many of them, but too many are already lost. She may have been right
that she could never write as well as her favorite writers, but her
voice deserves an oral legacy as rich as, well, the other bard who
passed this week, Lawrence Peter Berra.
But that was just one of many facets to this remarkable person.
I'd like to close by quoting several memories that people have
written to her Facebook timeline. I hope at some point to collect
these and more on the
Friends of Liz Fink
Gideon Oliver [Sept. 22 at 11:04pm]:
I loved Elizabeth Fink very much and was lucky to have her as a mentor
and friend. Beyond that, I don't have words about this yet.
Gideon Oliver [Sept. 22 at 11:35pm]:
Starting at :45 - Elizabeth Fink on the courthouse steps, spitting
fire and speaking truth to power:
Woman linked to Al-Qaida won't answer attempted murder charges in US.
Lamis Deek [Sept. 23 at 2:11am]:
She was also more beautiful than she knew, more beautiful than the world
wanted her to be. Good night dear Elizabeth Fink.
Nancy Alisberg [Sept. 23 at 8:02am]:
So sad to hear of the death of Elizabeth Fink. Friend, mentor, neighbor.
Cynthia Skow [Sept. 23 at 9:07am]:
The world lost a true warrior for justice yesterday and I lost a hero.
Elizabeth Fink, rest in power!
Lamis Deek [Sept. 23 at 11:53am]:
Few, far too few, people lived with the integrity Elizabeth Fink did . . .
her love was active, full and given to those who need it most in ways that
really count. Her life, her practice was ruled by the most important rules
"if you're OK, I'm OK" and "Dare to struggle dare to win." She was a school
Farewell fallen comrade and teacher.
Fahd Ahmed [Sept. 23 at 1:14pm]:
I'm not big on hero-izing people.
But Elizabeth Fink was one of those people who changed me forever
within a few minutes.
I was lucky to have been trained to be a lawyer "on your own terms"
(ie. don't let the system define who you are and what you do). But I
really learned what it meant within a few minutes of meeting Liz, and
definitely the first time I saw her in court. From how she walked about,
where she scattered (very intentionally) her belongings, how she talked
to court officers and judges, etc. Absolutely outrageous woman. And I
absolutely loved it.
It was a measured "fuck you and your whole damn system" approach,
while making sure to keep the client at center. Tremendous fierceness
against the system and tremendous love and care for the people.
A genuine peoples lawyer who understood the nexus of her work with
It was an honor to know you, and to work with you. And I forever
take what I learned into all of my work beyond lawyering.
You and your fire will be missed.
Pat Rowbotton [Sept. 23 at 2:53pm]:
Liz fought hard with brilliance and creativity. Saw the Ohio 7 to
freedom - no one ever fought as hard or won as much.
Meg Handler [Sept. 24 at 10:06am]:
'Dare to struggle; dare to win.' - Elizabeth Fink
This week, we lost one fierce lady. Liz was tough, brilliant and funny
and she committed her life to fighting social injustice. I knew Liz thru
her brother Larry. She was like family to me. When 800 of us were wrongfully
arrested during the RNC in 2004, and I was asked if I had a lawyer who could
be called, I said Liz Fink. It turned out Liz and a few other civil rights
lawyers were already down in the courtroom arguing for our release. At that
moment I knew I was in good shape, that myself and the other wrongfully
arrested, would be taken care of. It took 10 years . . . and in the end,
it did get taken care of. 10 years was nothing for the likes of Liz, she
fought for the Attica inmates for 25 years. She always fought the good
fight. She will be missed by many.
Susan Slovak [Sept. 24 at 11:28am]:
She was always gutsy and brave, even in high school. I so admired her
integrity and intelligence, even then. She will be so very very missed.
Gideon Oliver [Sept. 24 at 5:27pm]:
Elizabeth Fink accepting the proclamation and a key to the city of
Venice, Italy, for the return of Silvia Baraldini. From Michael
Deutsch's article "Frank and Liz" published in the National Lawyers
Guild - NYC Chapter 2006 Spring Fling Journal. PRESENTE.
Gideon Oliver [Sept. 24 at 5:35pm]:
Elizabeth Fink talking about the Ohio 7 trial and a whole lot more -
"Hundreds of law enforcement personnel from across the Northeast came
to campus and protested the event the evening it took place. . . ." -
h/t Michael Deutsch:
Part 4 "The Great Sedition Trial" issues from the trial 11.12.09.
Rachel J-s [Sept. 25 at 12:41am]:
My mom's best friend Elizabeth Fink died this week. I knew her my whole
life, from vivid memories of her not letting me win at monopoly when I
was 6, to giving me the keys to her apartment when I moved to New York
City when I was 20. She was insanely generous with me and many other
people, a wealth of historical knowledge about the American left, and
taught me about serious, delicious food, before foodie was a term. I
really can't quite believe she won't be opening her apartment door,
suggesting something amazing for lunch and telling me to take her dog
for a walk, the next time I'm in Brooklyn.
Debbie Hrbek [Sept. 25 at 7:10am]:
Please watch, and share, this powerful presentation by my mentor, the
wonderful Elizabeth Fink, who died on Tuesday. Such an inspiration to
young lawyers about the importance of fighting the good fight.
[Second link to
Part 4 "The Great Sedition Trial" issues from the trial 11.12.09.]
Gideon Oliver [Sept. 25 at 3:54pm]:
Long, amazing, and worthwhile interview w/ Elizabeth Fink from Black
Panther doc "What We Want, What We Believe" posted to Robert Boyle's
page - It's amazing to hear Liz talk about Dhoruba Bin-Wahad - this
is history everyone should know, and just a ton of Liz being Liz -
Carmen Jeannette Levasseur [Sept. 25 at 9:30pm]:
Liz Elizabeth Fink drove my sisters and I to and from family visits
for years. She was a grounded force in a time of chaos. She always
let me sit in front.
Bobby Quackenbush [Sept. 25 at 9:45pm]:
"Jeopardizing the Republic. I think I'd like that on my tombstone."
- Elizabeth Fink
Ben Feinberg-Gerner [Sept. 25 at 11:35pm]:
Elizabeth Fink at her finest: fiery, passionate, deeply funny. Ever the
watchwoman for the Constitutional protections we all have -- even when
our government would rather overlook them in the name of policy or
The details of the case in question make her speech a bit tricky to
follow, but what matters here in the underlying message and Liz's passion
[Third link to
Part 4 "The Great Sedition Trial" issues from the trial 11.12.09].
Edward Hershey [Sept. 26 at 2:05am]:
Usually glad to see The New York Times quote a passage of mine but not
this time because it is at the end of Elizabeth Fink's obituary. I met
Liz in Buffalo in 1974 when I covered the trial of 2 inmates charged
with inciting the Attica Prison insurrection. She was on the defense
team. She returned for her 40th Reed College reunion and I profiled
her in the alumni magazine
She was true to her principles every step of the way.
Finally, here's a recent photo, from an interview Mike Hull filmed: